Map showing the Kurdistani people's homeland:
Alliance for Kurdish Rights [kurdishrights.org]
Kurd Net [ekurd.net]
Kurdistani National Organizations
Democratic Party of Kurdistan in Iran (advocates for a Federal Republic of Iran)
The Alliance (USA, the British "Empire" Commonwealth, and Israel) have subsidized a national government for central Kurdistan within the jurisdiction of the Republic of Iraq, while the Allies have destabilized the sovereign Socialist People's government of central Kurdistan within the same region. It is because the Allies are securing energy deposits and, in order to enhance security for their natural resources they are laying claim to, are subsidizing a capitalist regime.
"The new PKK unleashed a social revolution in Kurdistan" (2014) [link]
"Turkey extends mandate for strikes on Kurds in Iraq"
2013-10-10 from "AFP" newswire:
Turkey's parliament on Thursday extended for one year a mandate that would allow Ankara to order military strikes against Kurdish rebels holed up in neighbouring northern Iraq.
The vote coincides with Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's reforms to boost the rights of the country's sizeable Kurdish community and secure an end to the nearly 30-year battle with the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
All opposition parties, except the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party, gave solid backing to the motion providing the government with another year-long mandate for cross-border operations against PKK hideouts in northern Iraq.
The current mandate expires on October 17. Parliament has extended the mandate every year since it was first approved in 2007.
On September 30, Erdogan moved to scrap restrictions on the use of the Kurdish language, allowing it to be used in private schools and letting election candidates campaign in Kurdish.
The reforms are aimed at breaking an impasse in the peace process between Turkey and the PKK, which is classified as a terrorist organisation by Ankara and its Western allies.
In March the PKK's jailed leader Abdullah Ocalan declared a ceasefire after months of clandestine negotiations with the Turkish secret service.
Last month, Kurdish rebels announced a suspension in their planned pull-out of their fighters from Turkish soil, accusing Ankara of not keeping its promises of reform. They called the measures introduced by Erdogan as unsatisfactory.
In return for withdrawing its fighters, the PKK demanded changes such as the right to education in the Kurdish language, changes to the electoral system and a degree of regional autonomy.
The PKK has been fighting for self-rule in the mainly Kurdish southeast and east of Turkey since 1984.
"Iraq's oil-rich Kurds move steadily toward independence"
Erbil, Iraq (UPI) -
Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdish region is moving ever closer to declaring independence, thanks largely to its oil reserves of 45 billion barrels and increasingly close energy links with neighboring Turkey. Iraq's central government is diametrically opposed to Kurdistan breaking away for fear it will encourage other federal regions to seek greater autonomy at Baghdad's expense, and can be expected to do all that it can to prevent that. But the Kurdish enclave already operates like a de facto state with its own legislative, executive and judicial branches, its own army, and firm economic foundations provided by the oil and large reserves of natural gas as well. Kurdistan is on the cusp of an oil boom, with international companies lining up to get a stake in the world's newest petrostate which since the 1990-91 Gulf War has enjoyed an unprecedented level of political and economic stability in a region where turmoil has long been the norm. Exxon Mobil, Chevron and Total of France have all turned their backs on Baghdad, despite its vast energy riches, to develop Kurdistan's oil industry. Other companies, like BP, are coming on to join around 40 small and medium-sized independents who set up several years to get exploration moving. But Turkey's support is critical right now if the Kurds are to move forward toward the independence for which they battled Baghdad and Saddam Hussein's grotesque regime for decades, and suffered horrific losses in the process. Saddam waged a scorched-earth genocidal war against the Kurds. The blackest day was March 16, 1988, when the Iraqi dictator's forces smothered the eastern town of Halabja with poison gas, massacring 5,000 men, women and children. Now another showdown is steadily building between Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government in Erbil, the Kurdish capital. This one is focused on the Kurds' energy reserves and the KRG's claims that the Kirkuk oilfield of northern Iraq, which holds about one-third of Iraq's reserves of 150 billion barrels, is Kurdish because it was part of Kurdistan under the Ottomans. Baghdad, which is scrapping with Erbil over oil revenues, will never surrender those fields and the prospect of conflict is real. For now, though, the primary focus is the Kurdish fields, whose reserves are sure to expand once full-scale exploration gets under way. Much to Baghdad's annoyance, the Kurds are currently exporting 30,000-40,000 barrels of oil per day by road tanker to Turkey, and then by sea from the Mediterranean port of Mersin. But that will rise sharply when a Turkish consortium builds a new pipeline from Kurdistan's big Taq Taq and Tawke fields into Turkey, totally bypassing Baghdad's export pipelines. Exports could be boosted to 250,000 bpd, possibly rising to 400,000 bpd. Under a wide-ranging energy partnership concluded earlier this year, Turkey, which has no energy resources of its own, could soon be importing 353 billion cubic feet of gas, about 20-25 percent of its annual consumption. So far there's no infrastructure for delivering it, though analysts believe that could be remedied within 30 months. For obvious reasons, these highly sensitive projects have been shrouded in considerable ambiguity since Ankara does not want to provoke Baghdad, or Iran, which increasingly dominates Baghdad -- not yet, anyway. "Turkey and the KRG have been carefully avoiding a major confrontation with Baghdad while creating confusion over their projects in northern Iraq," the U.S. global intelligence consultancy Stratfor observed. "The further Turkey goes in these energy endeavors with the Iraqi Kurds, the more resistance it will encounter from Baghdad -- and by extension, Iran... "The KRG is even escalating the pressure... But a decision to bypass Baghdad-controlled infrastructure and receive payment for oil independent of the central government is one fraught with danger, and it is unlikely that Turkey is ready for that level of confrontation," Stratfor said. Baghdad claims sole authority over all oil operations, from exploration to production and exports. "The only acceptable option for oil exports is through the federal pipeline network," a senior Baghdad official stressed. "We consider any other trade, whether it be through Iran or Turkey, as smuggling. It's illegal." Meantime, Baghdad government troops are locked in an armed confrontation with Kurdish forces along Kurdistan's southern border, including tanks and artillery. It's a standoff that the energy rivalry could ignite.
2013-08-20 "IRAQI KURDISTAN: Kurdish villagers resist U.S. oil company’s confiscation of their land"
from "CPTnet" [http://www.cpt.org/cptnet/2013/08/20/iraqi-kurdistan-kurdish-villagers-resist-us-oil-company’s-confiscation-their-land]:
[Note: For security reasons, the team is withholding names of the villages and the oil company for the time being. More details will follow in the coming weeks.]
A couple weeks ago, our team learned of the Kurdish villagers about three hours away from Suleimaniya protesting against a U.S.-based oil company that had confiscated their land.
On 6 August, a hot sunny day, we traveled there. Our host, Kak Miro, expressed joy that we had made the trip. Even though he, his wife, and two children were fasting for Ramadan, they served us water, tea, and a delicious local watermelon.
Several men arrived and began to share their story. A U.S.-based oil company came into the surrounding valley in spring and began to build an oil well in the middle of the orchards and vineyards that hundreds of families in three villages have worked on for generations.
The construction site and adjacent roads destroyed seventy dunums (around seven hectares / eighteen acres) of five-decades-old grave vines that belonged to mukhtar's (village mayor’s) family. The mukhtar spoke with tears in his eyes about his vines and a company worker who also cried while bulldozing them. “He understood what he was doing, how much damage he was causing. But he was forced to do his job,” said the Mukhtar.
In May, before the destruction took place, the mukhtar and other villagers protested and stopped the company workers but the government forces arrested him and brought in soldiers and security forces to “protect” the construction. They also threatened the villagers with repercussions if they spoke to the media. The company offered to pay them a ridiculously low five-year $100 “rent” for a dunum of land. An emotional cost is, of course, uncounted. The villagers refused the offer and instead have searched for a human rights organization that would support their resistance and expressed much gratitude for CPT's arrival.
Kak Miro and his friend took us to the well construction site. The company confiscated and blocked off the only road leading to the village orchards and vineyards. The villagers have to ask the company security for a permission to enter their land, which it often denies. When allowed access, they cannot bring vehicles into their massive orchards and vineyards, so the ripe fruit is drying out because the villagers cannot harvest it.
The Irish construction manager called by security seemed a little confused with an international human rights organization demanding access to the orchards. He let us all in. Kak Miro gave us armfuls of beautifully ripe grapes and talked about the history and geography of theland. We took pictures. As we drove back, a truck full of military men with angry faces and fingers on rifle triggers stopped us. They were the Zeravani: Kurdish government Special Forces deployed here to guard the construction. The officer took our camera, searched the pictures, and tried to delete them. A passionate discussion broke out, mostly between Kak Miro and the unit officer. We presented our NGO status documents. One of the company’s senior workers came in as well and gave some explanations. Kak Miro offered soldiers some of the grapes. Eventually, the Zeravanis let us go. We rejoiced with Kak Miro and his friend to be lucky enough to be able to enter the site and have the important photo documentation. We planned the next steps and asked Kak Miro about his safety.
“We are not afraid of them,” he said. “We don't care what they do to us. We will continue. And we would be happy if CPT could accompany us.”
2012-03-21 "On Nowruz Day... Kurds Affirm They Are Part of Syrian Society"
(SANA)-The National Initiative for the Syrian Kurds on Tuesday held its
annual festival at Sky Rose Hall in Aleppo celebrating al-Nowruz (
Spring ) occasion, with the participation of popular, civil and official
activities in Aleppo.
"The Syrian Kurds, as other national
constituents, have foiled all wagers, showed high national awareness and
sense to become a real defender of the Homeland," Chairman of the
Initiative Omar Ossi said, referring to the hostile powers' bids to
exploit the Kurdish file within their hostile agendas.
out to the role of the US-backed Zionism and their tools represented by
Al Saud, Al Thani, Turkey and its war against the Kurds in safe
regions, preventing them from celebrating the Nowruz Day.
added that the Kurds will engage, along with their partners in the
Homeland, in the national political life to build the features of modern
Syria that will consolidate the basic principles of the Syrian people's
The festival included a lot of shows, songs, folkloric dances that reflected the Syrian people's civilization and history.