Tuareg people are located across northern Africa. Many of the Tuareg support the Jamahiriya of Libya and have established extensions of the Jamahiriya outside of the Libya national jurisdiction...
2012-04-09 "Azawad Republic a threat to North Africa" from "Press TV"
of the French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s rivals in the presidential
elections criticizes him for the military intervention in Libya, saying
unrest will ensue in the African countries which will endanger the
interests of Paris.
When Sarkozy was advocating a NATO military
intervention in Libya, he would never have thought that a year later he
would be witnessing a coup in one of France’s allies in Africa and part
of Mali would declare independence and demand separation. The US was
concerned that unrest in Libya would lead to the arms of the slain
Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi falling into the hands of al-Qaeda or
the anti-Zionist Palestinian groups but had not imagined that it might
lead to the domination of the Tuareg tribe in the north of Mali.
is not only Mali and France who are concerned about the declaration of
independence by Azawad, but also Mauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara and
Algeria. Some of the people of these countries are members of the
Tuareg tribe. The North African countries now fear that their own people
too would seek independence and are thus looking at the issue as a
grave threat to their national security and sovereignty.
Algeria, and Polisario have rejected the Tuareg’s declaration of
independence in the north of Mali. Given the military coup in Mali, it
seems unlikely that the new regime will succeed to counter the demand,
especially that the rift between Tuareg and the Malian government dates
back to many decades ago and the Malian regime had failed to reach a
stable agreement with the Tuareg rebels before the coup.
confrontation in Mali goes back to the year of the country’s
independence in 1960. The Tuareg tribe launched its insurgency against
the central government, which followed communist programs and wanted to
homogenize the local and cultural features, in the same year. In 1963
and after the Algeria intervention things went according to the
interests of the central government and some of the Tuareg leaders were
apprehended and executed. The 1969 coup did not alter the demands of
The Tuareg rebels made some progress in the early 1990’s.
After the first free elections in Mali and the coming to power of Alpha
Oumar Konaré, an agreement was signed between the north and south in
2006 which was supervised by the neighboring countries, the United
Nations and the permanent members of the Security Council. The agreement
gave some autonomy to the northern region, but it was not implemented
and the war continued.
Algeria was also concerned that Tuareg
tribe in its south would also seek autonomy, and is charged with having
practically sabotaged the peace agreement. The former Libyan dictator,
Muammar Qaddafi, also provided financial support to Tuareg tribe in
Mali. The two sides agreed to start a new round of negotiations in 2008.
Military intervention by France is not probable as presidential
elections are approaching and Nikolas Sarkozy is not ready for new
military adventurism whose result will be unclear. Arab and African
countries neighboring Mali are also incapable of military intervention
as they are grappling with domestic problems resulting from popular
uprisings in those countries. A meeting of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of
Sahel countries will soon convene in Mauritania and leaders of the
Malian coup have also been invited. The Joint Chiefs of Staff was
established in 2010 and includes Algeria, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania.
of Algeria to the establishment of an independent Azawad country in the
north of Mali is based on the statute of the African Union which
stipulates that official borders among African countries are the same as
they were under the rule of colonialist powers. Algeria is the main
supporter of Polisario Front in its attempt to establish an independent
country in Western Sahara and get separated from Morocco. Algeria,
however, did not oppose the creation of a new country in south Sudan,
perhaps because disintegration of Sudan was based on an agreement
between the northern and the southern parts of the country and was done
through a referendum.
Morocco is also having problems with
Western Sahara and a local tribe (Amazigh) as they have declared
solidarity with the new republic in the north of Mali, willing to tread
the same path. Libya and Tunisia should be added to this list because
the Tuareg tribe was accused of having supported Qaddafi and part of the
tribe was suppressed for that reason. They may see this as an
opportunity to take revenge on the incumbent government in Tripoli which
is not in full control of the entire country yet.
Qaddafi’s fall, supporting the Polisario Front and opposing to the
establishment of an independent Azawad country were the main reasons for
the conflict of interests between North African and Sahel countries.
However, the issue of Western Sahara is quite different from
establishment of a self-called Azawad country. Western Sahara was a
legacy of colonialism which is put in the same category by the United
Nations with 16 other non-independent regions of the world and an
official plan has been approved to determine its fate through elections.
Perhaps the UN, with the help of the African Union, will be able
to find a solution to the new crisis in Mali which, of course, will
need a lot of time. Although coup leaders in Mali have announced that
they plan to transfer power to civilians, it is not clear when the
situation in the center of the country will return back to normal to
pave the way for a confrontation or a negotiation over the separation of
the northern part.
The fall of Qaddafi has apparently not
remained confined to the Libyan borders and has undermined the security
of several African countries, thus, providing more grounds for the
activities of al-Qaeda in Arab Maghreb.
2012-04-06 "First time in history the Tuareg created their own independent state"
Fineko/abc.az. National division in North Africa has accelerated
sharply. After the announcement of the (still) semi-autonomous status of
Libya’s Cyrenaica, the 5 million Tuareg people scattered over Mali,
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Burkina Faso and Niger has stated of
establishment of its own state Azavad in northern Mali.
Movement for the Liberation of Azavad has already declared the cessation
of hostilities from 6 April 2012 in connection with the "complete
liberation of the territories" (north of Mali). The rebel Tuareg
announced a complete cessation of "occupation from Mali" and appealed to
the international community for protection. The statement was made
after the "liberation" of the legendary city of Timbuktu.
begin to implement tasks of defense and security of Azavad territory in
the sake of the happiness of its people," the Tuareg movement claimed.
appearance of a new state formation was helped much by 7,000 Tuareg
fighters, who fled with their families from Libya after the overthrow of
their friend Muammar Gaddafi. It was not difficult for their army to
defeat the Malian army (8,000 soldiers), which did not find anything
better than to arrange a military coup in its country.
step of the Tuareg rebels can be an attempt of seizure of the southern
territory from Lybia, inhabited by their tribes. According to the Libyan
Transitional National Council, shortly before his death Qaddafi was
ready to create there a separate state of the Tuareg.
observers doubt of international community’s willingness to quench
Tuareg separatism, as the benefits in the aircraft and tanks in the
fighting in the Sahara have no meaning. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
in Western Sahara has existed for about 50 years in a similar way. At
that, experts consider that Azavad, the territory of which already
exceeds the area of France, will not be the last act of national
delimitation in North Africa.
2012-03-31 "Mali rebels attack northern town in coup aftermath" by RUKMINI CALLIMACHI from "Associated Press"
2012-03-24 "Libyan Resistance, War News"
In Mali, a tragicomic military coup - Representatives of the Green Army
arrived in Bamako (Mali) to assess the situation on the ground inside
the Sahara. Malian youth and soldiers need a good military vehicles to
attack the Al-Qaeda/CIA agents who left the Libyan battlefield. Green
Army have a large quantity of ammunition, equipment and missiles of
various classes. Equipment will be sent via air cargo in huge
containers. Malian President was very weak in the fighting against
Al-Qaeda/CIA agents. Hopefully after that, the security situation and
living conditions in Mali will be better. All foreign agents, French,
Qatari, the CIA destroyed on the ground and the process of their
elimination in Bamako it runs perfectly.
2012-03-24 "Libya: Last report from the Government (24/03/2012): the
truth and reason of the Jamahiriya is imposed against the treacherous
scum and apatrida of CNT-NATO-Qaeda whose destination is escape, commit
suicide or be eliminated…"
[ ... ]
To the South of Libya, the Taouergs attacked the traitors and “rebel” bandits Zenten and seized all its weapons.
Taouergs spokesman announce they have material and military resources
to create an independent country Taouergs to the South of Libya.
[ ... ]
2011-09-27 "Support from the Tribes of
Sahara. Thousands of Tuaregs Join Libyan Resistance Forces" by Alliby
Hassan. Translated by La Haine. Editing and Comment by Les Blough from
"Axis of Logic"
Editor's Comment: George Walker Bush uttered the following words
only a month and a half after the bloody U.S. "shock and awe" bombing of
"Admiral Kelly, Captain Card, officers and sailors of the USS Abraham
Lincoln, my fellow Americans, major combat operations in Iraq have
ended. In the battle of Iraq, the United States and our allies have
prevailed. And now our coalition is engaged in securing and
reconstructing that country."
That was on May 1, 2003 and 8 years later the Iraqi Resistance continues
to fight off the invader where millions have been killed, injured and
displaced and $billions have been robbed by contractors in a country
destroyed with none of the promised reconstruction.
On August 22 French President Nicolas Sarkozy called Colonel Qaddafi
"mad" and "stupid," stating "we are going to make him eat dirt,"
according to Le Monde [http://www.liquida.com/le-monde/journal-le-monde/].
On August 23, 2011 Reuters trumpeted the words of the new NTC UN envoy Ibrahim Dabbashi in their world news headline [http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/08/23/us-libya-un-dabbashi-idUSTRE77M59O20110823]: "All of Libya will be liberated in 72 hours"
[begin excerpt of article cited]
Gaddafi's stronghold is "totally in the hands of the revolutionaries,"
Dabbashi, a key figure in the Libyan opposition movement, said at
Libya's U.N. mission in New York shortly after the rebels entered the
compound in Tripoli.
Declaring that Gaddafi's government "has already fallen," he predicted
the city of Sirte, Gaddafi's hometown, would fall within the next 48
hours and that the entire country would be under rebel control within
"We expect Libya to be totally liberated and totally calm and peaceful
within the next 72 hours," he told reporters, speaking two days after
anti-Gaddafi fighters swept into Tripoli following a six-month uprising.
Dabbashi said Gaddafi and other top officials were probably scattered in
houses across Tripoli, although they could be in an underground
shelter. "We will start soon looking (for) them and we expect all of
them to be captured soon," he said.
On August 29 [http://www.thenewslr.com/29082011a.html],
Colonel Ahmed Bani, military spokesman of the NTC stated that the City
of Sirte would be 'liberated' "in a matter of days" and NTC information
minister Mahmoud Shammam announced, "we have liberated all of Libya."
Currently, the war in Tripoli rages on 7 months after NATO began it's
bombing campaign and over a month after NATO implied and their corporate
media declared it to have fallen. NATO and their mercenaries gave two
deadlines for the people of Bani Walid to surrender on September 3 and 7
respectively. In both cases thousands of NATO's mercenaries turned tail
and ran after receiving the response from the people inside the city in
the language of mortars, GRAD missiles, heavy machine gun fire and
snipers from rooftops and minarets. In the last 24 hours the NATO/NTC
mercenaries have run from a similar assault by the Libyan people and
military at the City of Sirte calling it another "tactical retreat."
Whether it's Bush declaring victory in Iraq or NATO declaring victory in
Libya, the purpose of the imperial media's claims of victory and that
Col. Qaddafi has fled is obvious: to demoralize the resistance and shore
up people's faltering support for the war in the west.
The BBC says the Tuaregs are Qaddafi's Mercenaries [http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-12647115].
We received the following communiqué from the Libyan Resistance via La
Haine and Leonoren Libia this morning stating that 10,000 Tuaregs have
joined the forces of the valiant Libyan Resistance from the Sahara. The
BBC confirms that the Tuaregs have joined the Libyan Resistance but
quotes an unnamed source to perpetuate the lie that the Col. Qaddafi is
using mercenaries from Africa and that the Tauregs are among them, being
paid by the Libyan Embassy in Mali. This has been denied by a
spokesperson at Mali's Foreign Ministry, "The government of Mali is
strongly opposed to the use mercenaries in any armed conflict and is not
in any way facilitating the movement of these people. We're thinking at
the moment about how we can stop this." If you think these nomadic
tribes of the Sahara are doing this for money the movie, The Lion of the
Desert might cause you to adjust your views.
We have added maps to clarify where the major battles are taking place
and from whence new troops are arriving to support the Libyan
Locations of major battles and incoming support for the resistance are indicated in green. - Axis of Logic
The lined area indicates the land of the Tuaregs in the Sahara
[begin article by Alliby Hassan as presented by "Axis of Logic"]
In Tripoli the fighting continues. There are constant battles between
the local militias (the residents of the capital) and the "rebels" NATO
and mercenaries from Al-Qaeda.
The NATO planes have continued its bombing in Sirte, Sabha, Bani Walid.
But the three cities have strong defenses in combat against the armored
forces of NATO. The fighting followed. Units of NATO, the army of Qatar
and Al-Qaeda are using heavy artillery as they have integrated new
artillery units. The city of Bani Walid has opened another front in the
fight against the aggressors who were concentrated in the outskirts of
the city, which is protected by national forces of the Great Jamahiriya.
A source reports that one of the rebel leaders, Ibrahim Tauorga Halban,
who had massacred the African people based on the color of their skin,
has died. The source said, "Tauorga is no longer alive. He was hit in
Sirte by a bullet that entered his neck and paralyzed him." In Tripoli
fighting does not cease. They are constant between local militias (the
inhabitants of the capital) and the mercenaries of Al-Qaeda. The
renegades are relentlessly attacked from all sides.
The people of Benghazi call to Al-Rai (Syrian television) to express
their support for Muammar Al Ghaddafi and announce that they have
rejoined the Libyan resistance. An American analyst, former military,
has said the 32 Brigade under the command of Khamis Al Ghaddafi is able
to continue fighting for many months. Khamis Al Ghaddafi continued
regrouping operational elements deployed to fight the renegades in
The September 19 Tuareg tribes had a general conference composed of the
heads of the tribes in Libya, Mali and Niger. Tuareg stated that all
will fight against the renegades because they started a war against the
Libyan Tuareg and killed a large number of them. Tuaregs in Mali have
also stated that to go to war against the government of Mali if it
recognizes the "Board" puppet in Libya or if the government of Mali
arrests people close to Muammar Al Gaddafi found in Mali.
The Tuaregs remember that they are masters of the Sahara desert and that
"only persons authorized by the Tuaregs may enter the desert" and have
promised that "Sahara will be released from the Islamists." So the
Tuaregs have given a clear answer to the people who keep sending NATO
special forces units and Al Qaeda into the Sahara as occupation forces.
fighters are already en route to the Libyan city of Sabha in Bani
Walid, the losses of the renegades "are estimated at more than 1,000
dead, just in Sirte and Sabha. National Forces have returned to its port
Brega oil where Libyan oil is shipped. They have also returned to Ras
Lanuf where there is a major oil refinery."
There are over 10,000 Tuaregs are over 10,000 (not including those
mentioned above) who have joined forces with Libyan Jamahiriya and some
of them have crossed the border to help the resistance which the
colonialist terrorists have crossed.
As expected, many Arab fighters have come from neighboring countries to
join their Libyan brothers Libyans and are fighting alongside them
against the invaders. The green flag flies over buildings in the
districts of Benghazi where battles between the renegades. These
struggles have also occurred across the battleground. The Islamists want
the skin. Mustafa Abdul Jalil, is a an NTC puppet of the Nazis, NATO
and head of the same NTC. Mujahedin of the Arab tribes have also passed
through Egypt to join forces Libyan resistance.
The renegades are still clueless. They have not solved the problem of
command. They fight each other all the time because they all want to be
commanders. At the same time, when Mustafa Abdul Jalil gave the order to
enter Bani Walid against Libyan forces, the renegades refused. This was
a big surprise to their bosses who asked them if they refused due to
fatigue. The renegades responded, "not by fatigue but because they want
to continue spreading the blood of the Libyans." La Voix des Opprimés.
[end of article by Alliby Hassan as presented by "Axis of Logic"]